Photo Credit: Rapeepong Puttakumwong / Getty Images

SOURCES:

American College of Cardiology: “Latest Evidence on Racial Inequities and Biases in Advanced Heart Failure.”

American Journal of Preventive Cardiology: “Improving the enrollment of women and racially/ethnically diverse populations in cardiovascular clinical trials: An ASPC practice statement.”

CDC: “The Syphilis Study at Tuskegee Timeline.”

Circulation: Heart Failure: “Factors Associated with Racial and Ethnic Diversity Among Heart Failure Trial Participants: A Systematic Bibliometric Review.”

Clyde Yancy, MD, vice dean of Diversity & Inclusion; chief of the Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine.

FDA: “FDA Takes Important Steps to Increase Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Clinical Trials.”

JAMA Cardiology: “Enrollment of Older Patients, Women, and Racial and Ethnic Minorities in Contemporary Heart Failure Clinical Trials,” “Improving Enrollment of Underrepresented Racial and Ethnic Populations in Heart Failure Trials: A Call to Action from the Heart Failure Collaboratory.”

Journal of the American Heart Association: “Recruitment of Black Adults into Cardiovascular Disease Trials.”

Martin Mendoza, PhD, director of health equity, All of Us research program, National Institutes of Health.

Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, MD, medical officer, Division of Cardiovascular Science’s Heart Failure and Arrhythmias Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

National Institutes of Health: “NIH Policy and Guidelines on the Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research.”



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